Archive for Risk

Wild Blueberries May Mitigate Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors

Portland, Maine (PRWEB) April 15, 2015

Two University of Maine studies reveal that a diet containing Wild Blueberries may positively impact certain characteristics of metabolic syndrome, including lipid status and inflammation. Having metabolic syndrome (MetS) dramatically increases one’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. MetS is defined as a cluster of concurrent risk factors: central obesity, insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, hypertension and dyslipidemia (an imbalance of fats in the blood).

“Metabolic syndrome is a growing health problem in the United States impacting roughly one-third of our adult population,” says Dorothy Klimis-Zacas, PhD, Professor of Clinical Nutrition at the University of Maine, and co-author of the two studies, published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry and British Journal of Nutrition. “We are pleased to report our research indicates that Wild Blueberry consumption can have significant and positive health impacts on several components of this serious health condition.”

Kitty Broihier, MS, RD, LD, a nutrition advisor to the Wild Blueberry Association of North America, concurs, stating, “Studies like these help make the case that including Wild Blueberries in your daily diet may have a positive impact on some of the risk factors involved in metabolic syndrome.”

About the studies

The two studies were conducted on obese Zucker rats, which are a commonly used experimental model for studying metabolic syndrome in humans due to similarities in characteristics and disease progression. For both 8-week studies, the rats received a diet enriched with Wild Blueberries in an amount equivalent to 2 cups of berries per day for humans. The first study focused on examining markers of inflammatory status and their gene expression. Chronic inflammation is thought to be an underlying factor linking all the abnormalities of metabolic syndrome.

“Diet is one of the most manageable ways to impact inflammatory status, and our study documented for the first time that supplementing your diet Wild Blueberries for 8 weeks resulted in an overall reduction of the inflammatory status in the animals,” explains Klimis-Zacas. According to the researcher, this was achieved by reducing the circulating levels of two pro-inflammatory status markers and increasing the levels of anti-inflammatory markers, which resulted in positively impacting the gene expression of these markers as well.

The second study examined a Wild Blueberry-enriched diet’s impact on lipid metabolism and cholesterol levels. After eight weeks, there was a markedly beneficial impact on the obese Zucker rats’ lipid profiles: total blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels decreased, while beneficial HDL levels were maintained. The dietary treatment also favorably impacted the expression of key enzymes involved in lipid and cholesterol metabolism. “Wild Blueberries appear to function by decreasing fat synthesis, increasing fat oxidation, and aiding in reverse cholesterol transport, thus normalizing the abnormal lipid profile associated with metabolic syndrome,” summarized Klimis-Zacas.

Although these studies focused on the effects of whole-berry consumption, and not on the specific contributions of the bioactive components of Wild Blueberries, it is important to note, said Klimis-Zacas, that several previous studies suggest that the anthocyanin content of Wild Blueberries may be responsible for modifying risk factors for MetS.

For more information about the studies go to:

Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry (2013)

24:1508-12 – S. Vendrame, A. Daugherty, A.S. Kristo, P. Riso. D. Klimis-Zacas. Wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) consumption improves inflammatory status in the obese Zucker rat model of the metabolic syndrome.

British Journal of Nutrition (2014)

111:194-200 S. Vendrame, A. Daugherty, A.S. Kristo, D. Klimis-Zacas. Wild blueberry-enriched diet (Vacciniumangustifolium) improves dyslipidemia and modulates the expression of genes related to lipid metabolism in obese Zucker rats.

About the Wild Blueberry Association of North America

The Wild Blueberry Association of North America (WBANA) is a trade association of growers and processors of Wild Blueberries from Maine and Canada, dedicated to bringing the Wild Blueberry health story and unique Wild Advantages to consumers and the trade worldwide.

WBANA is dedicated to furthering research that explores the health potential of Wild Blueberries. Every year since 1997, WBANA has hosted the Health Research Summit in Bar Harbor, a worldwide gathering of scientists and researchers whose work is leading the way in learning more and more about the health benefits of Wild Blueberries.

More Diet Press Releases

Wright Now Fitness: How Exercise and Diet Can Reduce Your Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes

(PRWEB) December 17, 2014

Almost 30 million children and adults in the US have diabetes. 79 million adults in the US over the age of 20 have prediabetes. Half of adults aged 65 or older have prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as full-blown diabetes.

    According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA, 2012), an individual’s chances of having prediabetes go up if he or she:

    Is age 45 or older
    Is African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American or Pacific Islander
    Has a parent, brother or sister with diabetes
    Is overweight
    Is physically inactive
    Has high blood pressure or takes medicine for high blood pressure
    Has low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and/or high triglycerides
    Is a woman who had diabetes during pregnancy
    Has been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome

The good news is that there are many lifestyle changes that a person with prediabetes can make to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. Some of these important lifestyle changes include losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and physical activity.

Being overweight can lead to many health problems in addition to diabetes including metabolic syndrome, heart disease, and hypertension. It only takes an initial weight loss of 5-10% of a person’s bodyweight to see noticeable improvements in glucose metabolism, cholesterol levels, and hypertension! A combination of diet and exercise, in addition to being more active in daily life (walking to work, walking at lunch, walking instead of driving, taking the stairs, etc.) is the ideal way to achieve weight loss.

Eating a healthy diet made up of low fat and low calorie nutrition packed foods can make a great difference in weight loss and diabetes prevention. A low fat, low calorie diet should include fruits and vegetables, low fat dairy, lean meat, poultry, fish, and beans, and whole grains. A Mediterranean diet may help prevent type 2 diabetes and improve glucose metabolism.

Both cardiovascular exercise and resistance training can greatly help to prevent diabetes and enhance blood glucose control. Furthermore, regular exercise can help to decrease hypertension, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol, increase HDL cholesterol, and decrease body fat. Exercising 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week can make a big difference in helping to prevent type 2 diabetes.

Prediabetes increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. 9 out of 10 of those with prediabetes do not know they have it. Unless a person makes health and lifestyle changes including increased physical activity and weight loss, 15-30% of those with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years!

Now is the time to make a change! Regular exercise, eating a nutritious diet, and maintaining a healthy weight is important for not only those people with prediabetes, but it is important for everyone.

I will see you at your next workout!

Aaron Wright, AHFS, CPT

Look Younger. Feel Stronger. Live Longer.

Aaron Wright, creator of the Wright Now Fitness System, a comprehensive DVD and digital exercise system “for everyone”, is an ACE advanced health and fitness specialist, ACE certified personal trainer, orthopedic exercise specialist, functional training specialist, sports conditioning specialist, therapeutic exercise specialist, exercise programming expert, and health and wellness speaker.

Please visit us at for more information on our DVD and digital download/instant streaming workouts and more tips and advice on the benefits of diet and exercise to prevent diabetes.

NOTE: Always consult your physician or health care provider before beginning any exercise program.

Mayo Clinic Study Confirms That Stress And Emotional Anxiety Can Raise Risk Of Surgical Complications

Beverly Hills, CA (PRWEB) December 01, 2014

In a recent Mayo Clinic study published in the Journal Of Gastrointestinal Surgery released in September 2014, researchers found that quality of life issues like family turmoil and secondary worries unrelated to the patient’s illness and upcoming surgery could increase the likelihood of suffering surgical complications. As a result, the study concluded that addressing stress and emotional anxiety prior to surgery should be a priority for a better surgical recovery.

“The results of the study are a welcome addition to the existing science on how stress and emotional well being affects the healing process,” said Koretz, who offers rejuvenation and luxury spa amenities in addition to medical after surgery care at Pearl Recovery Retreat.

Of the 431 patients observed, the study found that patients with lower quality of life indicators were as much as three times more likely to suffer post surgical complications. Some of the metrics used to measure a patient’s quality of life score and wellness include:






Patients that felt anxiety or emotional distress over their needs not being met in any or a combination of the key quality of life indicators received a lower quality of life score, and were therefore at a higher risk for surgical complications.

Adding to the Mayo Clinic study’s findings, a study published in the November 2014 issue of Anesthesiology out of McGill University Health Centre in Montreal found that patients that underwent what they called “prehabilitation,” a course of conditioning, nutrition, and relaxation exercises prior to surgery showed greater progress in post-surgical rehabilitation.

“At Pearl Recovery Retreat, we’ve worked to design programs that help mitigate post-surgical complications and stress, and contribute to a healthy and speedy recovery for all of our patients,” added Koretz. “In addition to a surgical retreat, it’s a home away from home where patients can put their needs and well being first, for a safe and worry free recovery.”

Pearl Recovery Retreat is a surgical aftercare facility and wellness retreat in Beverly Hills, located within the 5-star SLS Hotel Beverly Hills. With professional nurses, luxurious rooms, and lavish amenities, Pearl offers post-surgical patients the opportunity to recover in a serene environment under the watchful eye of an experienced nursing staff. With their doctors’ approval, patients may check into Pearl after outpatient surgery, including cosmetic, gynecological, bariatric, orthopedic, sinus, and bunion procedures. Unlike other aftercare facilities, Pearl is centrally located within a short drive of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center as well as many of Beverly Hills’ top surgeons and doctors. Pearl offers an unparalleled array of recovery in-room amenities including gourmet dining options, spa services, and unrestricted visiting hours.